Dilation & Curettage

What is Dilation and curettage (Endometrial biopsy)?

The procedure of dilation and curettage (D&C) is used to remove tissue from inside the uterus. Health care providers perform dilation and curettage to diagnose and treat certain uterine conditions — such as heavy bleeding — or to clear the uterine lining after a miscarriage or abortion.

Your doctor will use small instruments or medication to open (dilate) the lower, narrow part of your uterus during an endometrial biopsy procedure (cervix). The uterine tissue is then removed with a surgical instrument called a curette, which can be a sharp instrument or a suction device.

Reasons to get Endometrial biopsy

You may require a D&C for one of a few reasons. It’s done to:

  •     Remove tissue in the uterus sometimes left behind after natural abortion. This prevents infection or heavy bleeding.
  •     Diagnose or treat uterine bleeding.
  •     Nowadays it is mostly done under hysteroscopic guidance.

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