What is Appendix?
The appendix is a narrow, small, finger-shaped portion of the large intestine that is generally situated near the junction of the small and large intestine (Cecum) on the lower right side of the abdomen.
What is Appendicitis?
Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. Appendicitis is responsible for causing pain in the lower right abdomen. However, in most cases, the pain begins around the navel and then moves. As the appendix inflammation worsens, appendicitis pain typically increases and eventually becomes severe.
If you can detect the signs and symptoms of appendicitis, you can avoid major complications. An infection of the lining of your abdominal cavity is the most serious consequence of appendicitis (peritonitis). This can happen if your appendix ruptures (perforates), allowing intestine contents and infectious organisms to enter the peritoneal cavity. Peritonitis is a serious medical condition. Harsh Hospital is providing the best Appendicitis Treatment in Surat.
What are the causes of appendicitis?
The appendix is a tubular structure. Any kind of filling in it such as mucus, bacteria, foreign materials, parasites, or hard stools can cause blockage at the opening where the appendix connects to the intestine. The blockage can lead to inflammation and infection of the appendix.
It may form oedema over the appendix and pus and it is called acute appendicitis. If the condition is not treated soon, the appendix may rupture causing the pus & other materials to be released inside the abdominal cavity. Further, it develops causing a localized abscess or generalized infection of the abdomen (peritonitis) (peritonitis).
What are the symptoms of appendicitis?
Appendicitis Symptoms include:
- Abdominal pain – pain may begin around the belly button and then get localized in the right lower abdomen
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Abdominal pain may be worse when walking or coughing
- Chills & rigors
- Loss of appetite
- Fever usually occurs within several hours
- Rectal tenderness
How to diagnose appendicitis?
If a person has a high fever and pain in the right abdomen, he must visit an Appendix doctor near him. The diagnosis of appendicitis begins with a thorough history and physical examination.
If the inflammation has migrated to the peritoneum, there is a high chance of rebound soreness. When the doctor quickly releases his or her hand after gently pressing on the abdomen over the tender spot, rebound tenderness occurs.
The following tests are usually used to make the diagnosis:
- Blood test to look for signs of infection
- Urine test to rule out other conditions, such as a bladder infection
- Computerized tomography (CT) scan or an ultrasound scan to see if the appendix is swollen
The standard treatment recommended is Appendix surgery. Harsh Hospital has a highly advanced center for Laparoscopic appendectomy in Surat.
Laparoscopic Appendectomy Procedure:
- An antimicrobial solution is applied to the abdomen after the anesthesia has been administered.
- Gas is pumped into the peritoneal cavity (usually carbon dioxide).
- The procedure begins with a small abdominal incision in the skin crease below the belly button, which allows the laparoscope to be inserted.
- It may be necessary to make two or three more small incisions to insert the laparoscopic instruments needed to dissect and remove the appendix.
- The tissues and veins surrounding the appendix are cut and tied using laparoscopic surgical tools.
- To prevent infection of the wound, the appendix is placed in a plastic bag before being removed through a small incision.
- All abdominal cuts are closed with clips, leaving inconspicuous scars. The appendix is removed and sent to a pathology facility for biopsy.
What Are the Advantages Of Laparoscopic Appendectomy?
Laparoscopic Appendectomy advantages are:
- Less post-operative pain
- Faster recovery
- Short hospital stay
- Less post-operative complications like wound infection and adhesion