Anal Fistula: Meaning, Causes, Symptoms & Home Remedies


An anal fistula (Bhagandar in Hindi) is a medical condition that affects the anal area, causing discomfort and pain. It is a condition that affects many people, and it can be caused by a variety of factors. In this guide, Dr. Satyanarayan Baser, an experienced Anorectal Surgeon specializing in treating Piles, Fistula & fissures at Harsh Hospital & Maternity Home will discuss the meaning, causes, symptoms, and home remedies for Fistula in Ano.

What is an Anal Fistula?

An anal fistula is a tiny tunnel that develops between the skin near the anus and the anal canal. An infection that begins in the anal gland and travels to the skin could be the reason behind the fistula. As the gland becomes clogged and bacteria begin to grow, an abscess may develop. The abscess then spreads to the skin, creating a passageway between the two regions.

Causes of Anal Fistula

A Fistula in the Anus is typically caused due to infection in the anal glands. Many factors, such as the following, may contribute to the infection:

  1. Anal abscess
  2. Sexually transmitted infections like syphilis and chlamydia
  3. Trauma to the anal area
  4. Cancer
  5. Crohn’s disease (an inflammatory disease of the intestine)

Symptoms of Anal Fistula

Fistula symptoms might differ with the severity of the condition. Among the most typical symptoms are

1. A pain near and around the anus

2. Inflammation and redness in the anus

3. Blood or pus leakage from the anus

4. A rash around the anus

5. Constipation

6. A bowel movement causes pain and bleeding

7. A fever and chills

It is always advisable to consult an Anorectal surgeon or any piles specialists if you show up with any of the above symptoms. Based on the severity of the condition treatment for fistula will be provided.

Simultaneously one can try the below-mentioned fistula home treatments. By following these tips, you can reduce your discomfort and speed up the healing process.

 5 Best Home Remedies for Anal Fistula:

Note: Anal Fistula treatment the strength and complexity of the sphincter muscles are considered. Since no medications are available to treat the condition, Anal Fistula Surgery is the only option to treat the fistula.

Sitz bath

One of the best treatments for anal fistula symptoms, such as irritation, swelling, pain, and inflammation, is a sitz bath. The anal region is soaked in simple, warm water during a sitz bath. It shouldn’t be too hot in the water. A patient with a fistula should take sitz baths at least three to four times each day.

Eat Healthy & Nutritious Food

Maintain a healthy diet and digestive system by taking care of your stomach. Improve digestive conditions that are less prone to problems by avoiding foods that are spicy, junk food, and fatty. Increase your intake of lean meats, fruits, leafy greens, and whole grains.

Constipation can irritate a fistula, so eating more fiber-rich foods like cereal will help you prevent it.

You can try a few household tips to treat fistula symptoms, including :


Honey has antibacterial properties and regular ingestion is beneficial to general health. Mix one tablespoon of honey in warm water and consume it daily.

Coconut oil

You can ingest coconut oil as well as apply it topically to the anal sphincter.

Oregano Oil

It helps in curing fistulas. Antibacterial, antiviral, antibiotic, and anti-inflammatory activities are all present in the oil.

Flax seeds

Add one tablespoon of flaxseed powder to a glass of water. Mix it thoroughly and drink it before going to bed. It aids in regulating bowel movements

Hydrate yourself with water

One of the best home remedies for fistula and piles is to drink lots of water. Avoid soda and alcohol; instead, drink a huge amount of water and fruit juices. Ginger tea, turmeric milk, etc., are options.

Constipation puts strain on your fistula; this will stop it. A surplus of water will soften waste and assist in intestinal cleaning.

Use donut pillows

Avoid putting extra strain on your back, buttocks, and legs if your toilet job requires you to sit for long periods of time, especially if you have an anal fistula. This might be accomplished by using a “donut pillow” in place of a standard chair or by simply sitting on the toilet seat. Using Donut pillows is the best way to treat piles and fistula.

Maintain good toilet hygiene

It is always advisable to wash your anal area after using the bathroom or having a bowel movement. Avoiding any bacteria that could still be on your skin is the first step in preventing an illness.

Always carry wipes with you to use while you’re out in the open if you can’t wash them. Because they come into contact with germs the most, your hands need to be cleaned frequently.

If the fistula is leaking throughout the day, change your underwear as needed. This will stop the growth of bacteria and the spread of germs, which can lessen peri-anal irritation and assist to eliminate the bothersome symptoms related to fistulas.


An anal fistula is a medical condition that requires prompt treatment. Most of us will be confused with Piles & Anal fistula and if you suspect that you have an anal fistula, it is important to consult a doctor specialized in treating Piles & Fistula.

 For Anal Fistula treatment the strength and complexity of the sphincter muscles are considered. Since no medications are available to treat the condition, Anal Fistula Surgery is the only option to treat the fistula. There are various surgical procedures to treat Fistula.

Harsh Hospital & Maternity Homehospital provides the best treatment for Fistula. Dr.S.N.Baser an experienced Anorectal surgeon will extend his help in diagnosing the condition properly and then prescribing the correct treatment for Anal Fistula.

Our Anal Fistula surgeons can seamlessly help you to get rid of this condition. Contact us to book an appointment today!

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