Anorectal diseases refer to illness of the anus or rectum. In these issues might be embarrassing, but living with them can be very painful. On the brighter note, they are often curable. Most common ailments include piles ( बवासीर ), anal fissure ( दरार) , anal fistula (भगन्दर), and anorectal abscesses.
Our proctology department especially works with an emphasis on LASER based treatment for anorectal conditions in order to provide faster, painless and easier cure from them.
Piles is one of the most common anorectal problem which often deteriorates patient’s quality of life significantly. They are painful masses, clumps, cushions of tissue in the anal canal, full of blood vessels, support tissue, muscle and elastic fibers in anal canal, may/ may not be associated with bleeding. Treatment can be medical (symptomatic relief) or surgical ( Stapler ; Laser, Open surgery) depending on severity.
Anal Fissure is a small tear in lining of anus which is caused by hard, dry bowel movements which cause severe perianal pain on passing stool and itching. Bleeding may/ may not be present). They can often be treated medically using medicines and sitz bath, sometimes surgery (open / laser sphincterotomy) may be needed.
Anal fistula, commonly known as fistula-in-ano, is a small channel that can develop between the end of the rectum / anal canal and the skin near the anus. Most common complain is recurrent pus discharge from perianal opening leading to stickiness/ moistness around the area. It can cause pain and bleeding while passing stools. There are various surgical methods ( Laser/ seton tie/ fistulectomy) to treat the disease.
It is a disease in which partial or total rectum comes out during defecation. This can occur can occur in males, females and children. Prolapse may need surgical intervention using either approach- perineal or abdominal (laparoscopic rectopexy).
Pelvic organ prolapse refers to the prolapse or dropping of any of the pelvic floor organs such as: Bladder, Uterus, Vagina, Bowel and Rectum.
STARR stands for Stapled Transanal Resection of Rectum, which is done especially to treat patients with ODS ( Obstructive Defecation Syndrome), most commonly presenting with history of digital evacuation of stools ( indicating chronic constipation ).
Perianal abscess is a painful condition where collection of pus occurs outside the anus in short duration. Most often surgical intervention is required.
It is a recurrent boil (small sac) or tunnel in the skin developing over the tailbone or at top of the cleft of tailbone. There can be single / multiple opening(s). Painless, silent cyst doesn’t need immediate surgery, but infected, discharging cyst (can be foul smelling) often requires surgery (Laser/ EPSiT/ Flap surgery).